Workhorse Delivers First EGen(TM) Electric Vehicles to Major Transportation Company as part of Contract Fulfillment | Reuters

Daniel Zito

Director/Business Development



“Major transportation companies are always looking for sustainability as an integral part of operations,” said Steve Burns, CEO of [Workhorse Group Inc.

“The E-GEN zero-emission driving experience has the potential to reinvent the local delivery vehicle,” continued Burns. The Workhorse Group, Inc. AMP Workhorse E-GEN Trucks are designed to be cost effective, without the need for government voucher assistance.

The EGen truck represents a zero-emissions, no-transmission, noise-free, smooth-driving, electric vehicle that could significantly reduce vehicle operating costs for the transportation company. Workhorse Group Inc., which purchased the assets of Workhorse Custom Chassis LLC from Navistar in March of 2013, can equip its Workhorse chassis with electric, gasoline, propane, or CNG engines. (OTCQB: WKHS) announced today that it has delivered two EGen Electric Trucks with Onboard Generator to a Major Transportation Company, and deliveries are currently being made to customers.


Public Relations:

Mike Dektas For additional information visit



Workhorse E-GEN electric trucks are designed to meet the needs and expectations of daily delivery duty cycles, as well as save delivery fleet buyers fuel and operational costs, dramatically reducing total cost of ownership over the lifetime of the vehicle.

Workhorse Group Inc. (OTCQB: WKHS), is the manufacturer of the E-GEN Workhorse truck.

“Based on deliveries made, the performance and handling of the E-GEN Workhorse truck has been outstanding,” said Burns. “The EGen onboard generator gives the truck many unique advantages over conventional gas and other typical electric vehicles.”

Workhorse Group Inc. “With the capability of recharging enroute, via the onboard generator, in the event of an unusual event that requires more than the average route length on a given day, range anxiety is virtually eliminated.

The advantage of an electric power train is zero tailpipe emissions, which helps reduce particulates and nitrogen dioxide in the atmosphere, and also offers dramatically lower operating costs for the owner.

This article was originally distributed on PRWeb. manufactures electric drive systems for medium-duty, class 3-6 commercial truck platforms. For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit

CONTACT: AMP Holding, Inc.

Dan Zito


About Workhorse Group Inc.

Built on the new, narrow track W88 chassis, the E-GEN trucks come with a 60 kWh lithium ion battery pack featuring Panasonic 18650 cells that provide power to a 2200 nm (268 bhp) permanent magnet motor powerful enough to eliminate the need for a transmission. “We are encouraged by the positive feedback regarding the performance of our EGen Workhorse truck, and are thrilled that the electric vehicle is making deliveries to customers in the field.”

CINCINNATI, Ohio, April 28, 2015 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — via PRWEB – Workhorse Group Inc

Are there still operational, targeted nuclear weapons, on ballistic missiles, which would explode as they hit the ground to form a crater kilometres across and hundreds of metres deep, unlike air burst nuclear explosions, from cruise missile delivery?

Approximately 12 U.S. Other warheads are in some step of the disassembly process.”

“- Land-based intercontinental ballistic and cruise missiles (ICBMs)

The US Air Force currently operates about 450-500 ICBMs at around 15 missile complexes located primarily in the northern Rocky Mountain states and the Dakotas. with about 5,400 total nuclear warheads: around 3,575 strategic and 500 nonstrategic warheads; and about 1,260 additional warheads held in the inactive stockpile. maintains about 400 nuclear gravity bombs capable of use by F-15, F-16, and F-35. The U.S. Some 350 of these bombs are deployed at seven airbases in six European NATO countries[11]; of these, 180 tactical B61 nuclear bombs fall under a nuclear sharing arrangement.”

Source and further information:

- Sea-based ICBMs:

The US Navy currently has 14 SSBN Ohio-class submarines deployed. – Heavy bomber group:

The US Air Force also operates a strategic nuclear bomber fleet. Peacekeeper missiles were phased out of the Air Force inventory in 2005. Each submarine is equipped with a complement of 24 Trident II missiles. These are all of the Minuteman III ICBM variants. Some Trident missiles are equipped with the W88 warhead.

“For 2007, the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists listed the U.S. The U.S. However, since the abandonment of the START II treaty, the U.S. goal under the SORT treaty is to reduce from 1,600 warheads deployed on over 500 missiles in 2003 to 500 warheads on 450 missiles in 2012. attack submarines are equipped to launch, but do not currently carry nuclear Tomahawk missiles. is said to be considering retaining 500 warheads on 450 missiles. To comply with the START II most US multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles, or MIRVs, have been eliminated and replaced with single warhead missiles. Sea-launch weapons make up the majority of weapons declared under START II rules. The first Minuteman III were removed under this plan in 2007 while, at the same time, the warheads deployed on Minuteman IIIs began to be upgraded from smaller W62s to larger W87s from decommissioned Peacekeeper missiles.. All 64 B-1s were retrofitted to operate in a solely conventional mode by 2007 and are no longer counted as nuclear forces.

In addition to this, the US armed forces can also deploy tactical smaller nuclear weapons either through cruise missiles or with conventional fighter-bombers. The bomber force consists of 94 B-52s, and 19 B-2s. All USAF Minuteman II missiles have been destroyed in accordance to START and their launch silos sealed or sold to the public. The Strategic Air Command which for decades had kept nuclear weapons aboard bomber aircraft aloft 24 hours a day was disbanded in 1992 and merged into the US Strategic Command

Transatlantic clean ship rates steady, gains eyed | Reuters

gasoline demand, helping reduce the number of

tankers available for hire.

Brokers said firmer trading helped rates edge up in recent

days.. “Rates

continued to trade sideways and cargo demand again failed to

force the persistent issue of an over tonnaged market.”

(Reporting by Jonathan Saul, editing by William Hardy)

* LR market stays pressured

“Enquiry in the ex-MEG LR market was met with a plentiful

supply of prompt tonnage, ensuring that 55K MEG – Japan rates

fell,” SSY said.

In April last year rates reached their highest since 2008 on

a jump in U.S. Gibson said.

Analysts said less refinery capacity in the Atlantic Basin

could boost long-haul demand for the wider products tanker

sector in coming years, helped by fewer tankers being delivered.

Typical Long Range 2, 75,000 tonne shipments on the Middle

East Gulf to Japan route stood at 85.64 in the Worldscale

measure of freight rates on Monday from W86.32 on Friday and

W88.14 last Monday.

LONDON May 21 (Reuters) – Tanker rates for refined

petroleum products on top export routes were mostly softer on

Monday although buoyant cargo interest provided support to the

transatlantic market.

In the Mediterranean, 30,000 tonne shipments ex-Algeria to

southern Europe were at W137.00 on Monday versus W137.50 on

Friday and W136.67 last Monday.

“Upward pressure remains and further activity during the

week ahead should prompt further rate gains,” broker CR Weber


Long Range 1 tankers, carrying 55,000 tonne loads from the

Middle East Gulf to Japan, were at W112.04 on Monday, from

W113.64 on Friday and W118.79 last Monday.

Earnings hit their lowest levels in a year in November 2011

and have been volatile since then.

* Med rates still facing tanker glut

Rates for medium-range tankers for 37,000 tonne cargoes from

Rotterdam to New York route moved to W147.50, or $11,709 a day

when translated into average earnings on Monday, from W147.29 or

$11,182 a day on Friday and W137.71 or $9,011 a day last Monday.

“It was the same old story in the Mediterranean, despite

plenty of activity last week,” broker E.A

Asia Tankers-Supertanker rates to hover near 2012 low | Energy & Oil | Reuters

* Clean tanker rates surge 14 pct from last week

“Chinese contract fixing continued to make up a significant

portion of the market activity that did take place, whilst the

few spot cargoes that emerged received multiple offers from the

flotilla of vessels seeking employment,” said broker firm SSY.

The Baltic Exchange’s rate for 260,000-tonne crude tankers

from West Africa to China fell to W42.18 from W42.50

last week.

* Ample tanker availability overshadows Chinese demand

* Benchmark VLCC rates tumble to 2012 low of W38.86

“With cargoes being drip-fed into the market, rates show no

sign of improving,” said broker firm ICAP.

SINGAPORE, July 3 (Reuters) – Rates for dirty tankers on key

Asian freight routes are expected to hover near this year’s low

as an oversupply of vessels overshadows Chinese demand for

Middle East crude, ship brokers said on Tuesday.

Rates on the benchmark very large crude carrier (VLCC)

export route from the Middle East to Japan dropped to

this year’s low of W38.86 on Monday, down 7 percent from W41.89

last week as ample tanker availability outweighed support from

Chinese demand. The market has fallen for seven consecutive


Rates for 80,000-tonne aframax tankers from Southeast Asia

to East Coast Australia edged down to W88.63 from W89.06

last week.


Soccer-Vietnam police detain players over match-fixing claims | Reuters

Soccer is the most popular sport and gambling is rampant, despite being strictly illegal.

In April, local side Vissai Ninh Binh withdrew from the V.League over a match-fixing scandal in the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) Cup.

The six Dong Nai players were questioned by police investigators immediately after their 5-3 defeat by Quang Ninh in a top flight V.League match, Vietnam Television said in an online report (

Police declined to comment.

Match-fixing has long plagued Vietnamese soccer, with arrests of coaches, bookmakers and players commonplace. (Reporting by Ho Binh Minh; Editing by Martin Petty/John O’Brien)

Local soccer bosses have pushed to legalise sports betting in conservative Vietnam to stifle match-fixing and boost tax revenues, capping bets at 1 million dong (nearly $50), but after 14 years, efforts have proved fruitless.

Police made dozens of arrests during the World Cup and carried out raids on underground gangs that were handling at least 6.5 trillion dong ($307 million).

HANOI, July 21 Police have detained six Vietnamese soccer players on suspicion of throwing a domestic league game at the weekend, state-run media reported on Monday, the latest arrests in a country notorious for match-rigging and illicit sports gambling.

Column: FIFA presidency no laughing matter as would-be candidate becomes frontman for gambling

But the mere thought of the gambling industry even attempting to place a stooge at the very top of football makes the prospect of another Blatter term seem perhaps not quite so bad.

That is the message that football, more than most other sports, is mainlining into our homes, helped by names like Ginola and teams lending their cachet, stadiums, jerseys and players to the industry that had cash to splash when the 2008 financial crisis hobbled other sponsors.

“It’s an absolute disgrace,” he said in a phone interview. FIFA’s election and ethics rules will almost certainly keep him off the May ballot. Hull against Aston Villa on Feb. In the UK, which liberalized gambling advertising in 2007, adults’ exposure to gambling commercials on television soared five-fold in eight years to 2012, regulator Ofcom found. Bet again. Villa’s shirt sponsor is dafabet, a name that works better in Chinese, where “dafa” means “big wealth.” Stoke and Burnley players are billboards for Bet365 and Fun88 (another name that plays on the Chinese word to get rich).

Twaddle takes a very dim view of Ginola’s Paddy Power-backed grab for FIFA.


One of those is Kevin Twaddle, a former player for Motherwell and other Scottish clubs who told his story in the biography, “Life On The Line: How to Lose a Million and So Much More.” He no longer gambles and has delivered talks to other players about the risks.

Sport “matters more when there’s money on it,” it says. It won’t happen; FIFA’s ethics rules should see to that. 10 will pit two Asian online bookmakers against each other. Tuning in for results of football betting pools, which offered big jackpots for small stakes, was a Saturday afternoon ritual for many 20th Century English families.

Ginola has zero chance of unseating Sepp Blatter. That was before online bookmakers offered odds on anything and everything, from match results and goals scored to which team will win the coin toss or take the first corner, and before their relentless advertising.

Asking your kids to make tea during half-time breaks won’t shield them from the bombardment, not with gambling ads flashing throughout matches on pitch-side light-boards. “It’s great for Paddy Power. So silky as a player for Newcastle and Tottenham; so ridiculous now with his car-crash campaign for the FIFA presidency.

But gambling advertising wasn’t as in-your-face as now. After Thursday’s passing of the entry deadline, “Team Ginola” should fade away.

“It’s eyeballs we’re after,” 12Bet executive Rory Anderson, quoted in the Daily Mail, said when the online bookmaker became the name on Hull City’s shirt for this Premier League season.

“It just makes like a mockery of football.”

All this in a sport grappling with the increasing danger of gambling-related match-fixing and with ample examples of gambling-addicted players who frittered away their wealth.

But the targets were our wallets and spending habits, not our hearts. What ever happened to sport for sport’s sake, for the buzz of competition, not a bet? How quaint. It reads like a plug for Fifty Shades of Grey.

But that’s not the point here. “I’m here today to talk about love” were the Frenchman’s seductive opening words at his campaign launch in London this month.

Bet. That much was clear from the Paddy Power branding.

Whoa. Write to him at or follow him at

Sports and gambling have, of course, long gone together, feeding off each other’s success and growth. There’s nothing funny about the gambling industry’s latest wheeze to sink its teeth even deeper into football and its fans.

And how about this blurb from Sky Bet, title sponsor since 2013 of England’s three divisions below the Premier League. But I mean you’re talking about one of the biggest, powerfulest jobs in football and all you’re getting to hear about is Paddy Power.”

PARIS –  Don’t laugh. The increase was three-fold for children aged 4-15.

. In pocketing 250,000 pounds (335,000 euros; US$375,000) from bookmaker Paddy Power for this stunt, Ginola became the latest Trojan horse in the gambling and gaming industry’s creeping and creepy embrace of football.

And that isn’t funny at all.

We’re talking here about David Ginola. Bet some more.

John Leicester is an international sports columnist for The Associated Press. This was about making a splash. “There’s more passion, more pleasure and more pain.”

Imagine, for a moment, a Paddy Power-financed FIFA president

seni Articles – Page 1

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Here’s The Problem With Using YouTube As A Babysitter For Your Kids

When I was growing up, the daytime TV available elsewhere on the dial didn’t pose much of a risk: soap operas, game shows, talk shows and cartoons, along with ads cleared for broadcast before “late-night” viewing. “We found videos that are not appropriate for kids under 5.

YouTube is one of this young century’s marvels, sharing humanity’s triumphs and nature’s wonders, while also serving an important role in helping adults bear witness to our worst habits.

“Parents are likely to believe what Google has claimed about YouTube Kids,” said Josh Golin, ?associate director at CCFC. We want kids to participate in the online world, and the same time, you want to temper its excesses.”

“Children are still developing self-confidence, identity and understanding of independence from their parents at that age,” said Dale Kunkel, an emeritus professor of communication at the University of Arizona. Moreover, once a child uses search to find inappropriate content, the recommendation engines on Amazon or Netflix that might help a parent to find more relevant programming can also be problematic — the other side of feedback loops.. Six weeks after a coalition of consumer advocates accused Google of using ‘deceptive and unfair’ ads in its YouTube Kids app, the same group is raising new concerns about access to videos that are inappropriate for children. “We’ve asked FTC to act as the parent to get Google to clean up its room.”

“Young children are uniquely vulnerable to commercial persuasion,” he went on. It meets a need, even if the initial execution has been flawed. Others, though, will raise eyebrows with explicit language, jokes about drug use and pedophilia, and frank discussions of pornography, violence and suicide.

“You can’t filter everything on YouTube and make it acceptable to kids that way,” he said. YouTube suggested that parents flag problematic content or consider limiting the available videos to those on the app home screen by turning off the search function. What Google is trying to do is take all the media in the world, filter it a little, stream it all through and say it’s OK. They should just take content that’s been developed for child audiences.”

“Our new claims are really about deceptive practices,” said Aaron Mackey, a graduate fellow at Georgetown University Law Center’s Institute for Public Representation, citing Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act.

In its relentless search to organize the world’s information, Google may have stumbled in its efforts to present the results to children. For parents who want a more restricted experience, we recommend that they turn off search.”

Kunkel, who has studied the effects of television violence, sexual content and advertising on young people, advised the coalition on the original complaint. The questions parents face now are how to integrate them and what we allow on them. “There’s a balance, like anything in life. Anyone, with just a little bit of searching, can find a lot of inappropriate content.”

“By making their first app for kids like this, Google is trying to set the lowest common denominator,” said Chester. That’s not wrong, but there’s an inherent tension between being an “open platform” while also attempting to host and create programming specifically for young children.

The coalition, which sent a letter to the Federal Trade Commission on Tuesday as a supplement to the previous complaint, includes the Campaign for a Commercial-Free Childhood and the Center for Digital Democracy. In my lifetime, whenever media was developed for kids, it was developed specifically for kids and presented to specifically to kids. “To hear material like this, that parents kill children or some children kill themselves, is going to be very upsetting to the average child.”

YouTube emphasized the amount of educational and entertainment content available on its “open platform,” as opposed to the channels of programming on broadcast TV. Most of the advertising and marketing tactics would be illegal on TV.”

Responding to the criticism, YouTube acknowledged that its mix of automated controls and user feedback is not 100% accurate, which means it’s possible for parents — and children — to find inappropriate videos. But a parent who comes back to find her child watching a video that’s not offered in the app may not be satisfied with a mechanism that flags problematic content after it’s discovered, as opposed to only allowing videos that are specifically designated for children.

Kunkel was referring to the Children’s Television Act of 1990, which requires the holders of television broadcast licenses to provide educational programming for children and limit the amount of advertising in those programs.Online videos that are streamed over wireless networks to smartphones, tablets and laptops, or over wired networks to set-top boxes and computers, fall outside of CTA, given that they require no broadcast license.

The video below, compiled by CCFC, shows some of the most egregious examples of what was available to children on YouTube Kids:

The coalition wasn’t the first to notice the issue: Two weeks ago, a user named Marco Acevedo started a petition on asking Google to “recall the YouTube Kids app” because it allows access to content that’s unsuitable for children under 5. On YouTube, you can find graphic violence and sexual content, to say nothing of outright pornography. I saw that the YouTube Kids app was advertised and marketed as family-friendly and safe when it came out. Last month, in response to the original complaint regarding deceptive advertising, the regulator said it would review the charges, and also recommended that parents visit for resources about protecting children online.

Ironically, the problem that the consumer advocacy groups found lies in search, the essential function that Google performs 100 billion times every month. It’s deceptive to tell kids that this is a safe product. “Do you want your kids to grow up so influenced by commercial culture that it overpowers other things? If the most powerful tech company on the planet promises you a safe environment, what should we expect?”

Kunkel suggested that Google is going in the wrong direction: It should “whitelist” videos, not depend on an algorithm and user-flagging.

Cursing and alcohol use may not be so different from what young children encounter passing on television or on city streets, but discussions of suicide or parental abuse are something else.

“When Google set up the app, it said it was a child-friendly app that parents can feel comfortable leaving their kids alone to navigate and learn how to start searching using their voice,” Mackey continued. “They don’t understand persuasive intent, role-playing or abstract thinking.

“The Internet is the most powerful information, selling and branding mechanism ever created,” said Chester. As parents, we owe it to our children to monitor their exposure to the latter, as well as to commercial messages.

No one I spoke to who is involved in the complaint wants content on YouTube to be censored. In the coming years, online videos and apps will be a part of the lives of hundreds of millions of children, in places and contexts far beyond the local PBS channel on TV in a living room or playroom. There’s no reason to expect that to change any time soon, either, with major corporations like Viacom, Comcast and Verizon experimenting with or exploring on-demand video and Internet Protocol television services, racing to compete with giants like Google, Amazon and Apple.

Here’s The Problem With Using YouTube As A Babysitter For Your Kids

When Larry Magid wrote that YouTube Kids is a parent’s best friend, he expressed sentiments that many parents share. “What should the rules be? They’re true on screen, so why aren’t they true elsewhere?”

While YouTube removed some of the content that the coalition’s letter flagged as deceptive or unfair from the channels in the app, the videos themselves remained accessible through the app’s search function.

“Young people, in particular, are growing up in a cross-platform world,” said Jeff Chester, executive director of the Center for Digital Democracy and a party to the coalition’s complaint. On-demand TV means there’s no daytime or late-night programming anymore. The rise of connected smartphones and tablets has erased all of those distinctions.

“Do you want your kids to have unfettered access to these videos?” he continued.

As with so many aspects of today’s converged communications, technological innovation has raced far ahead of the rules and regulations set up for a far less connected world. As I wrote in an earlier column, my own family has used YouTube to watch “The Muppet Show,” “Sesame Street,” cooking videos and any number of videos about animals on our mobile devices, at home and in transit. “Anyone can flag a video and these videos are manually reviewed 24/7 and any videos that don’t belong in the app are removed. … The groups allege that the app, which is marketing to children ages 5 and under, allows kids to access inappropriate videos — including some that have nothing to do with children at all. “The app has been specifically set up for kids to use and Google has told them it’s a safe place, but that’s clearly not true, based upon the sheer amount of content we’ve found.”

The latter may be the best option for parents who aren’t always around when their children are using the app.

“Let’s say that a kid accidentally stumbles on a video,” said Kunkel. Some of the unrelated videos are unremarkable, like videos of corporate filings.

“We work to make the videos in YouTube Kids as family-friendly as possible and take feedback very seriously,” said a YouTube spokesperson. If screens and smartphones are part of the modern lives of adults, they’re part of their children’s lives as well. The idea behind YouTube Kids, where children stay within the confines of a kid-friendly app with kid-friendly content, remains sound. When I used it, I was dumbfounded. Rather, they want an app that would never enable very young children to access violent or disturbing videos. “Because of the recommendation function, it will automatically recommend more problematic videos.”

Is YouTube Kids A Safe Place for Young Children to Explore? from CCFC on Vimeo.

The Federal Trade Commission confirmed that it received the new letter and will review it, but would not comment further. “Google is trying to shift the paradigm for kids. ..

Less than Nothing | World Policy Institute

“Take my money, please!”

Although they do not declaim this, it is extraordinarily self-critical for mainstream economists like Bernanke to evoke a savings glut. Just to impress you with how weird this sounds, a negative yield is the equivalent of paying someone to borrow money from you. High savings and low interest rates should be an enormous stimulus to productive investment and growth, according to standard economic models and conventional thinking. There are always some bulls to be found in the short run since any prices will sometimes turn up, but a worldwide shortage of bullish investors willing to commit to an upturn for years rather than weeks is a worrying sign.. Nolt is a senior fellow at World Policy Institute and an adjunct associate professor at New York University.

The real beneficiaries of these extraordinarily low interest rates today are not productive businesses, many of which have sufficient or even excess capacity already for today’s torpid demand; the real beneficiaries are financial traders who are able to fund leveraged investment positions for next to nothing. Since 2008, many financial institutions have restored their balance sheets so that they might be willing to lend again, but people bullish enough to want to borrow are harder to find.

There are several reasons often given, but let’s start with one popularized by Former Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke, that for some years now there has existed a “global savings glut.” It used to be, for example, that China was praised for having an extremely high savings rate, leading, it is said, to its high growth rate. Now, some people are even calling it the “new normal.” Well, no, it is not normal. When I was learning economics, we were told this is nonsensical. As more capital gets sucked into short-term derivative plays rather than long-term bullish investment, it is not a good sign that capitalists have confidence in growth. And indeed this week, it appears that bond prices are down again, raising yields back into a low positive range. Nolt



In other words, it is not just that the supply of capital is large, but the demand for investing it is insufficient, thus the determination with which creditors are trying to give away capital at zero to negative interest rates.

I used to tell my students in China that a recession is caused by fear of spending and fear of lending. Various European government bonds were trading with negative nominal yields. Even wealthy consumers countries in Europe and North America, long criticized for spending too lavishly, are now blamed for being too frugal, saving too much. I was at a meeting of investors and bankers in Manhattan last week and the complaint was heard (as I have heard before) that the problem is not lack of funds, but lack of willing borrowers.

At least, that is normally what should happen when debt, both public and private, is as high in relation to the overall economy as it is today. China’s slowdown in steel curbs its demand for Australian iron ore and German steel-making machinery, reinforcing the economic slowdown elsewhere.

By James H. Fear of lending occurs when financial institutions, as in 2008, hang onto capital to ensure their own solvency rather than lending it out. It is hard even for the most bullish investor to keep adding capacity to a sector where so much is idle.

Expanding productive investment implies a long-run bullish belief that future demand will exceed present demand. During the Vietnam War, there was a popular saying among peaceniks, “What if they gave a war and nobody came?” What if they tried to lend capital and nobody borrowed? Interest rates would plummet.

[Photo courtesy of Perpetual Tourist]

Most economic models exclude this by assuming interest rates can never be less than zero. Falling prices means it becomes harder for people, businesses, and governments to pay back debts that are fixed in money terms. During normal business cycles, when debt levels start to climb after a run of bullish debt creation, interest rates typically start to rise at some point because of the simple fact that creditors begin to worry that with so much credit outstanding investors are leveraging too much to gain the profits they need to cover their debt costs. But what normally does happen in times like these is not happening this time. Yet even this brief flirtation with negative yields should induce us to ponder what is happening these days.

In recent weeks, something happened that has probably never before happened in history. If rates are already at all-time historic lows, why are economies still sluggish?

Even in China, the foremost stronghold of bullish investing during recent decades, productive investment is slowing. But now China, Japan, and oil rich Arabs are being blamed for saving too much. China’s growth was led especially by two sectors: exports and investment, including real estate development. Derivatives allow short-run bets on price jitters that equally involve bears and bulls, since every derivative contract has two sides: one betting the underlying will go down and the other that it will go up. If prices are going down, then creditors will be paid back with money that is worth more than what they borrowed, so it still might be worthwhile to lend for a nominal return of nothing or even less. Thus currently, European central banks, worried about sluggish growth, are buying trillions of dollars of government bonds from private investors in an effort misnamed “quantitative easing,” which tends to raise bond prices and lower yields even though they are already at record lows. Since most investment positions today include major doses of derivatives (accounting for the fact that the face value of derivatives contracts globally vastly exceeds the value of all other financial contracts such as stocks, bonds, bills, bank loans, etc.), such low interest rates are primarily financing cheap speculation, financial gambling, not productive investment.

Thus we reach a second reason why bond yields might flirt below zero: expectation of global deflation. But if prices are headed down in a world loaded with debt, this could be an extremely serious problem not seen since the Great Depression of the 1930s and the Long Deflation of the later 19th century. Fear of spending leads businesses not to want to invest in growth, therefore weak loan demand. Corporations may be adding to the glut too.

Worldwide, the pool of investable capital is huge, this is the “savings glut.” It would be a little more accurate to call it a capital glut. Why not?


This dip into negative yields is indicative of a broad move in recent years toward extraordinarily low interest rates worldwide at a time when debt levels are extremely high. Travelling around China and visiting factories today, you will find that many export sectors have excessive capacity and real estate is vastly overbuilt and under occupied. Raising the interest rate, the cost of credit, should be a signal to bulls to scale back, slow down, and exercise caution.

James H. More on debt deflation next week.

China now produces, for example, over half of the world’s demand for steel, but if all its steel mills were producing at full tilt, it could produce closer to two-thirds of world demand, and steel prices would plummet

Tottenham Hotspur Announces Fun88 as Club`s Asian Betting and Gaming Partner | Reuters

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Tottenham Hotspur Announces Fun88 as Club’s Asian Betting and Gaming


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